brown concrete building (liver building) under grey sky during daytime, demonstrating colonialism

Opinion, Featured

22nd October 2021

BHM Series: Controversial Colonial Landmarks Across Liverpool

Opinion pieces are the view of the authorThey in no way reflect the views of Liverpool Guild Student Media or the Liverpool Guild of Students.

At the end of the last academic year, I participated in the Beacon Project ‘Decolonising the Curriculum’. The project allowed myself and two other participating UoL students to research into themes of colonialism and imperialism. Here are some examples of how colonialism is still prevalent in Liverpool.

brown concrete building (liver building) under grey sky during daytime, demonstrating colonialism
Image credit: Photo by Megan Leeming from Unsplash

Liverpool, the city we all love. Home to The Beatles, two Premier League football clubs, and the largest Lush in the world. However, not so much of a proud aspect of the city is its huge role in the transatlantic slave trade in the 18th and 19th centuries. Although the basis of Liverpool’s wealth and culture originates from this inexcusable trade, the now multicultural city has come far since. Despite this, there are many landmarks across Liverpool that still subtly remind us of its dark foundations.

The Black Lives Matter movement catalysed the renaming of buildings and taking down of statues across the UK and also globally. In Liverpool in particular, there are many landmarks with subtle ties to the slave trade / colonial Britain (mostly monuments to old white British men – surprise surprise). Where are they, you ask? Well, let’s take a tour through Liverpool, keeping our eyes peeled for controversy.

And our first stop is…

Stop 1. Bold Street

People walking on Bold Street during daytime (demonstrates colonialism)
Image credit: Photo by Prakasam Mathaiyan from Unsplash

Brimming with eclectic shops, diverse cuisine, and rookie buskers, Bold Street is a well-known hub for tourists as well as locals. However, have you ever thought about the history of the street? Probably not. It’s not exactly a light topic to discuss over brunch with Karen. That’s because Bold Street goes way back to the slave trade.

The street is named after Jonas Bold, a 19th century sugar trader / banker / mayor of Liverpool / slave merchant.

Additionally, the length of Bold Street was used to measure rope for sailing ships, including slave ships. This is why the general area is called the Ropewalks.

Unfortunately, but unsurprisingly, Bold Street is only one of many streets in Liverpool named after influential figures in the slave trade. Rodney Street, Tarleton Street, Parr Street, Sir Thomas Street… the list is never-ending. However, catalysed by BLM, there are petitions for changing these street names and Liverpool City Council is rumoured to be in the process of putting up plaques to explain the history behind these streets.

Coming up next is…

Stop 2. Liverpool Town Hall and the Nelson Monument

cars parked on street near white concrete building during daytime (demonstrates colonialism)
Image credit: Photo by Tak-Kei Wong from Unsplash

The Liverpool Town Hall is adorned with Georgian decorations and impressive architecture. This includes, however, golden pineapples around the gate of the hall. This gives a subtle hint to how this building was funded by and played a role in, you guessed it- the transatlantic slave trade.

Nelson, a once-celebrated battle hero, is now a controversial colonial figure. Although not an owner of slaves, Nelson is accused of being an avid supporter of the slave trade and also more obviously, British colonialism.

Sparked by the BLM movement and in an attempt to remove colonialism from their present, Barbados removed their famous statue of Nelson from the centre of Bridgetown and re-erected it in the Barbados Museum. Should Liverpool be doing the same?

And finally, on your left, you’ll see…

Stop 3. The Albert Docks and Pier Head

Albert Dock, Liverpool (demonstrates colonialism)
Image credit: Photo by Megan Leeming from Unsplash

The Albert Docks were the hub of slave ships coming and going. With Liverpool being the capital of the slave trade in the late 18th century, the docks were a place where slave merchants could do business freely out in the open.

Pier Head played a major role in the transatlantic slave trade, being a point of departure for ships. It also has another subtle hint to slavery with its stone carvings of slave ships on the front of the building. They’re easily missed but still there to remind us of Liverpool’s and the UK’s colonial past.

Pier Head is not the only building with carvings / subtle references to slavery; you only need to keep your eyes peeled to notice many more across Liverpool.

What can we, as students, do to create change?

More on this debate in my follow up blog ‘UoL Students vs Colonialism’.

Featured Image Credit: Photo by Megan Leeming from Unsplash